1994: NAFTA

Day 42: Immigration History 101
● 1994: NAFTA and Zapatista uprising
o North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect, which is signed by Mexico, the U.S., and Canada to facilitate the trading of goods, specifically subsidize fruits and vegetables, between the three nations.
o The U.S. is allowed to subsidize corn, resulting in lower sale prices and making it difficult specifically for local Mexican farmers to compete. This led to mass migration from the South to the North of Mexico, where most jobs were in maquilas (factories).
o NAFTA also cancels Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution (the cornerstone of the Mexican revolution led by Emiliano Zapata in 1910-19), which protects indigenous communal land holdings from sale and privatization.
o The Zapatistas (EZLN), mostly indigenous farmworkers in Chiapas, Mexico label NAFTA a “death sentence” for indigenous Mexican communities and the end of the rural farm workers of Mexico. The Zapatistas declare war on January 1, 1994 against the Mexican state. Today the Zapatistas hold ⅓ of Chiapas land.

Image may contain: drawing

CARTOON BY: Angel Boligan, El Universal, Mexico City, www.caglecartoons.com

**Program created (in part) by Ana Rodriguez-BorderLinks’ (Tucson AZ)**

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